Main Languages:   Persian, Azeri, Gilaki, Kurdish, Arabic, Luri, Baluchi, Bakhtiari, Turkmen
Primary Religions: Islam 
Number of Iranians:
In Canada: 121,510
In the GTA: 56,925
In the City of Toronto: 6,175
Primary Areas of Settlement in the GTA (Social Atlas): Newmarket, Aurora, Richmond Hill, Markham, Willowdale, Don Valley West, Don Valley East
Cultural Facts: Hospitality and loyalty are very important in Iranian culture.



Ethnic groups:  Bengali 98%, other 2% (includes tribal groups, non-Bengali Muslims) (1998)
Languages:  Bangla (official, also known as Bengali), English
Religions:  Muslim 89.5%, Hindu 9.6%, other 0.9% (2004)
Population:  161,083,804 (July 2012 est.)




Main Languages: Arabic, English
Primary Religions: Most Sudanese, who live mainly in the north, are Muslim and follow the religion of Islam. The Sudanese living in the south follow Christianity, which is expanding rapidly and sometimes has been combined with traditional spiritual elements. Sudanese Christians follow practices very similar to those in Canada. 
Number of Sudanese: 
In Canada: 12,640
In the GTA:3,025
In the City of Toronto:1,240
Primary Areas of Settlement in the GTA (Social Atlas): Mississauga, Vaughan, City of Toronto (Ward 15 Eglinton-Lawrence)



Main Languages: Pashto and Dari (Afghan Persian/Farsi) are the official languages; other languages spoken in the country include Baluchi, Pashai, Nuristani
Primary Religions:  Islam, Sikhs, and Hindus
Number of Afghanis:
In Canada: 48,090
In the GTA: 23,230
In the City of Toronto: 15,120
Primary Areas of Settlement in the GTA (Social Atlas Map): Brampton, Vaughan, Markham, Richmond Hill, Aurora, City of Toronto (Ward 42 Scarborough-Rouge River, Ward 43 Scarborough East)


Ethnic Groups:
British Isles origin 28%, French origin 23%, other European 15%, Amerindian 2%, other, mostly Asian, African, Arab 6%, mixed background 26%
English (official) 58.8%, French (official) 21.6%, other 19.6% (2006 Census)
Roman Catholic 42.6%, Protestant 23.3% (United Church 9.5%, Anglican 6.8%, Baptist 2.4%, Lutheran 2%), other Christian 4.4%, Muslim 1.9%, other and unspecified 11.8%, none 16% (2001 census)
34,030,589 (July 2011 est.)




Ethnic groups:  Han Chinese 91.5%, Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uighur, Tujia, Yi, Mongol, Tibetan, Buyi, Dong, Yao, Korean, and other nationalities 8.5% (2000 census)
Languages:  Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry)
note: Mongolian is official in Nei Mongol, Uighur is official in Xinjiang Uygur, and Tibetan is official in Xizang (Tibet)
Religions:  Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Christian 3%-4%, Muslim 1%-2%
note: officially atheist (2002 est.)
Population:  1,343,239,923 (July 2011 est.) country comparison to the world: 1


Ethnic groups:  Mande 50% (Bambara, Malinke, Soninke), Peul 17%, Voltaic 12%, Songhai 6%, Tuareg and Moor 10%, other 5%
Languages:  French (official), Bambara 80%, numerous African languages
Religions:  Muslim 90%, Christian 1%, indigenous beliefs 9%
Population:  14,533,511 (July 2011 est.)  country comparison to the world: 68


Main Languages:  Spanish; Indian language, Quichua, is also spoken, it is an important part of the Ecuadorian culture, but is not an official language. English is spoken and understood in most tourist and business areas.
Primary Religions: Catholic
Number of Ecuadorian:
In Canada: 16,485
In the GTA: 12,975
In the City of Toronto: 6,390
Primary Areas of Settlement in the GTA (Social Atlas): City of Toronto (ward 2 Etobicoke North, 7 York west, 11 & 12 York South-weston, 17 Davenport), Vaughan, nothern part of Uxbridge, Brampton, Oakville

United States of America

Main Languages:  English
Number of Americans:
In Canada: 316,350
In the GTA: 38,915
In the City of Toronto: 15,950
Primary Areas of Settlement in the GTA (Social Atlas):  All across Greater Toronto Area


Main Languages: Ukrainian is similar to Russian and it has been influenced by Polish
Primary Religions: Christians (Orthodox or Catholic)
Number of Ukrainian: 
In Canada: 1,209,085
In the GTA: 122,510
In the City of Toronto:52,205
Primary Areas of Settlement in the GTA (Social Atlas): Richmond Hill, Vaughan, Oakville, Halton Hills, Caledon, King, East Gwillimbury, Newmarket, Aurora, Whitchurch-stoufville, City of Toronto (Ward 5 & 6 Etobicoke Lakeshore) 
Cultural Traditions / Social etiquette:
Ukrainians usually shake hands when they meet and when they say goodbye. When they first meet someone, they may shake hands and introduce themselves, rather than say "How do you do?"  Ukrainian is a musical and poetic language. It is said that every second Ukrainian is a poet!


Ethnic groups: black 95%, mulatto and white 5%
Languages:  French (official), Creole (official)
Religions:  Roman Catholic 80%, Protestant 16% (Baptist 10%, Pentecostal 4%, Adventist 1%, other 1%), none 1%, other 3%  Note: roughly half of the population practices voodoo
Population:  9,801,664 (July 2012 est.)

United Kingdom

Main Language:  English
Number of English:
In Canada: 6,570,015
In the GTA: 804,100
In the City of Toronto: 294,315
Primary Areas of Settlement in the GTA (Social Atlas):  Milton, Oakville, Halton Hills, Caledon, King, Aurora, Newmarket, Whitchurch-Stoufville, East Gwillimbury, Ajax, Uxbridge, City of Toronto (central)


Main Languages: Urdu, English, Punjabi, Pushto, Baluchi, Sindhi
Major Ethnic Groups: Punjab, Sindh, Baluchistan, and the North-West Frontier
Primary Religions: Islam (97% of the total population); the remaining 3% is made up of Hindus, Buddhists, Zoroastrians and Christians
Number of Pakistani: 
In Canada: 124,730
In the GTA: 76,110
In the City of Toronto: 21,380
Primary Areas of Settlement in the GTA (Social Atlas): Markham, Brampton, Vaughan, Mississauga, City of Toronto (Ward 42 Scarborough Rouge River), Pickering  


Main Languages:  English, Irish, Gaelic  
Primary Religions: Roman Catholicism, Protestantism
Number of Irish:
In Canada: 4,354,155
In the GTA: 531,865
In the City of Toronto: 201,485
Primary Areas of Settlement in the GTA (Social Atlas): Halton Hills, Milton, Oakville, King, New Market, Aurora, East Gwillimbury, Uxbridge, Caledon


Malawi is a landlocked country in southeast Africa. Its neighbors include Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Tanzania.
Malawi’s land mass is 94,080 square kilometers, or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
Agriculture is the predominant economic endeavor, with about 80 percent of people living in rural areas.
Of Malawi’s almost 16 million people, 920,000 (11 percent) are living with HIV/AIDS. Life expectancy is 51.7 years. Source: CIA World Factbook (LINK:


Main Languages:  Khmer, French, Vietnamese, English
Primary Religions: Buddhism, Hinduism; Some Cambodian Muslims and Buddhists also practise animism. Animists believe that natural objects contain spirits. A minority of Cambodians are Muslim and Christian.
Number of Cambodian:
In Canada: 25,245
In the GTA: 4,085
In the City of Toronto: 295
Primary Areas of Settlement in the GTA (Social Atlas Map): Newmarket, Aurora, Vaughan, City of Toronto (Ward 7 York west)


Main Languages: Kinyarwanda, Swahili, French, English
Major Ethnic Groups:  Hutu, Tutsi, Twa
Primary Religions: Christianity, Islam, indigenous beliefs
Number of Rwandan: 
In Canada: 5,670
In the GTA: 625
In the City of Toronto:260


Main Languages:  Amharic (Official); Tigrinya, Oromo
Primary Religions: Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Traditional Indigenous Beliefs
Number of Ethiopians:
In Canada: 23,400
In the GTA: 10,635
In the City of Toronto: 6,505
Primary Areas of Settlement in the GTA (Social Atlas):  Markahm, Vaughan, City of Toronto


Main Languages:  Bulgarian, a South Slavonic language related to Serbo-Croatian and Slovenian. 
There are about 30 different dialects Within Bulgaria.
Primary Religions:
  • Bulgarian Orthodox Church - Baptism is considered the most important ritual in establishing individual identity, Bulgarians called "civil baptism."
  • The Muslim population in Bulgaria consists mainly of the Turks, most of whom live in the northwestern regions and the Rhodope Mountains. Some Bulgarians converted to Islam during Ottoman rule.
  • Roman Catholic missionaries converted small numbers of Bulgarians to the Catholic faith during the 16th century.  Most Roman Catholics live in Ruse, Sofia or Plovdiv.
  • Protestantism was introduced to Bulgaria by American missionaries in the 19th century. The Protestants established schools, clinics and youth clubs.
Number of Bulgarians:
In Canada: 27,255
In the GTA: 9,445
In the City of Toronto: 4,995
Primary Areas of Settlement in the GTA (Social Atlas): Vaughan, City of Toronto, Uxbridge, Georgina


Ethnic groups:  Turkmen 85%, Uzbek 5%, Russian 4%, other 6% (2003)
Languages:  Turkmen (official) 72%, Russian 12%, Uzbek 9%, other 7%
Religions:  Muslim 89%, Eastern Orthodox 9%, unknown 2%
Population:  5,054,828 (July 2012 est.)


Ethnic groups:  Kinh (Viet) 85.7%, Tay 1.9%, Thai 1.8%, Muong 1.5%, Khmer 1.5%, Mong 1.2%, Nung 1.1%, others 5.3% (2009 census)
Languages:  Vietnamese (official), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer, mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)
Religions:  Buddhist 9.3%, Catholic 6.7%, Hoa Hao 1.5%, Cao Dai 1.1%, Protestant 0.5%, Muslim 0.1%, none 80.8% (1999 census)
Population:  91,519,289 (July 2012 est.)


Ethnic groups:  Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000)
Languages:  Hindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9%
Note: English enjoys the status of subsidiary official language but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the most widely spoken language and primary tongue of 41% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language (2001 census)
Religions:  Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.1% (2001 census)
Population: 1,205,073,612 (July 2012 est.)

Russian Federation

Ethnic groups:  Russian 79.8%, Tatar 3.8%, Ukrainian 2%, Bashkir 1.2%, Chuvash 1.1%, other or unspecified 12.1% (2002 census)
Languages:  Russian (official), many minority languages
Religions:  Russian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2% (2006 est.)
note: estimates are of practicing worshipers; Russia has large populations of non-practicing believers and non-believers, a legacy of over seven decades of Soviet rule
Population:  138,082,178 (July 2012 est.)


Ethnic groups:  Nigeria, Africa's most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups; the following are the most populous and politically influential: Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5%
Languages:  English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani, over 500 additional indigenous languages
Religions:  Muslim 50%, Christian 40%, indigenous beliefs 10%
Population:  170,123,740 (July 2012 est.)


Ethnic groups:  Kpelle 20.3%, Bassa 13.4%, Grebo 10%, Gio 8%, Mano 7.9%, Kru 6%, Lorma 5.1%, Kissi 4.8%, Gola 4.4%, other 20.1% (2008 census)
Languages:  English 20% (official), some 20 ethnic group languages few of which can be written or used in correspondence
Religions:  Christian 85.6%, Muslim 12.2%, Traditional 0.6%, other 0.2%, none 1.4% (2008 census)
Population:  3,887,886 (July 2012 est.)


Ethnic groups:  German 91.5%, Turkish 2.4%, other 6.1% (made up largely of Greek, Italian, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish)
Languages: German
Religions:  Protestant 34%, Roman Catholic 34%, Muslim 3.7%, unaffiliated or other 28.3%
Population:  81,305,856 (July 2012 est.)

South Africa

Ethnic groups:  Black African 79%, white 9.6%, colored 8.9%, Indian/Asian 2.5% (2001 census)
Languages:  IsiZulu (official) 23.82%, IsiXhosa (official) 17.64%, Afrikaans (official) 13.35%, Sepedi (offcial) 9.39%, English (official) 8.2%, Setswana (official) 8.2%, Sesotho (official) 7.93%, Xitsonga (official) 4.44%, siSwati (official) 2.66%, Tshivenda (official) 2.28%, isiNdebele (official) 1.59%, other 0.5% (2001 census)
Religions:  Protestant 36.6% (Zionist Christian 11.1%, Pentecostal/Charismatic 8.2%, Methodist 6.8%, Dutch Reformed 6.7%, Anglican 3.8%), Catholic 7.1%, Muslim 1.5%, other Christian 36%, other 2.3%, unspecified 1.4%, none 15.1% (2001 census)
Population:  48,810,427 (July 2012 est.)  country comparison to the world: 26
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected


Ethnic groups: Tagalog 28.1%, Cebuano 13.1%, Ilocano 9%, Bisaya/Binisaya 7.6%, Hiligaynon Ilonggo 7.5%, Bikol 6%, Waray 3.4%, other 25.3% (2000 census)
Languages: Filipino (official; based on Tagalog) and English (official); eight major dialects - Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and Pangasinan
Religions:  Catholic 82.9% (Roman Catholic 80.9%, Aglipayan 2%), Muslim 5%, Evangelical 2.8%, Iglesia ni Kristo 2.3%, other Christian 4.5%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.6%, none 0.1% (2000 census)
Population: 103,775,002 (July 2012 est.)


Ethnic groups:

 Jewish 76.4% (of which Israel-born 67.1%, Europe/America-born 22.6%, Africa-born 5.9%, Asia-born 4.2%), non-Jewish 23.6% (mostly Arab) (2004)

Languages:  Hebrew (official), Arabic (used officially for Arab minority), English (most commonly used foreign language)


  Jewish 75.6%, Muslim 16.9%, Christian 2%, Druze 1.7%, other 3.8% (2008 census)

Population:  7,590,758 (July 2012 est.)


Ethnic groups:  Akan 45.3%, Mole-Dagbon 15.2%, Ewe 11.7%, Ga-Dangme 7.3%, Guan 4%, Gurma 3.6%, Grusi 2.6%, Mande-Busanga 1%, other tribes 1.4%, other 7.8% (2000 census)
Languages:  Asante 14.8%, Ewe 12.7%, Fante 9.9%, Boron (Brong) 4.6%, Dagomba 4.3%, Dangme 4.3%, Dagarte (Dagaba) 3.7%, Akyem 3.4%, Ga 3.4%, Akuapem 2.9%, other (includes English (official)) 36.1% (2000 census)
Religions:  Christian 68.8% (Pentecostal/Charismatic 24.1%, Protestant 18.6%, Catholic 15.1%, other 11%), Muslim 15.9%, traditional 8.5%, other 0.7%, none 6.1% (2000 census)
Population: 25,241,998 (July 2012 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected


Language: Although Australia has no official language, English is so entrenched that it has become the de facto national language.[2] Australian English is a major variety of the language with a distinctive accent and lexicon. General Australian serves as the standard dialect. Spelling is similar to that of British English with a number of exceptions.[246] According to the 2011 census, English is the only language spoken in the home for close to 81% of the population. The next most common languages spoken at home are Mandarin (1.7%), Italian (1.5%), Arabic (1.4%), Cantonese (1.3%), Greek (1.3%), and Vietnamese (1.2%);[226] a considerable proportion of first- and second-generation migrants are bilingual. A 2010–2011 study by the Australia Early Development Index found the most common language spoken by children after English was Arabic, followed by Vietnamese, Greek, Chinese, and Hindi.[247][248]

Religion:  An international survey, made by the private, not-for profit German think-tank, the Bertelsmann Foundation, found that "Australia is one of the least religious nations in the western world, coming in 17th out of 21 [countries] surveyed" and that "Nearly three out of four Australians say they are either not at all religious or that religion does not play a central role in their lives."[258] A survey of 1,718 Australians by the Christian Research Association at the end of 2009 suggested that the number of people attending religious services per month in Australia has dropped from 23 per cent in 1993 to 16 per cent in 2009, and while 60 per cent of 15 to 29-year-old respondents in 1993 identified with Christian denominations, 33 per cent did in 2009.[259]


Ethnic groups:  Javanese 40.6%, Sundanese 15%, Madurese 3.3%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Betawi 2.4%, Bugis 2.4%, Banten 2%, Banjar 1.7%, other or unspecified 29.9% (2000 census)
Languages:  Bahasa Indonesia (official, modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, local dialects (of which the most widely spoken is Javanese)
Religions:  Muslim 86.1%, Protestant 5.7%, Roman Catholic 3%, Hindu 1.8%, other or unspecified 3.4% (2000 census)
Population:  248,216,193 (July 2011 est.)


Ethnic groups:  Thai 75%, Chinese 14%, other 11%
Languages:  Thai, English (secondary language of the elite), ethnic and regional dialects
Religions:  Buddhist (official) 94.6%, Muslim 4.6%, Christian 0.7%, other 0.1% (2000 census)
Population:  67,091,089 (July 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 20
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected


Ethnic groups:  Chhettri 15.5%, Brahman-Hill 12.5%, Magar 7%, Tharu 6.6%, Tamang 5.5%, Newar 5.4%, Muslim 4.2%, Kami 3.9%, Yadav 3.9%, other 32.7%, unspecified 2.8% (2001 census)
Languages:  Nepali (official) 47.8%, Maithali 12.1%, Bhojpuri 7.4%, Tharu (Dagaura/Rana) 5.8%, Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.6%, Magar 3.3%, Awadhi 2.4%, other 10%, unspecified 2.5% (2001 census)
note: many in government and business also speak English (2001 est.)
Religions:  Hindu 80.6%, Buddhist 10.7%, Muslim 4.2%, Kirant 3.6%, other 0.9% (2001 census)
Population: 29,890,686 (July 2011 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 41


Ethnic groups:  Arab 75%-80%, Kurdish 15%-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian, or other 5%
Languages:  Arabic (official), Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Turkoman (a Turkish dialect), Assyrian (Neo-Aramaic), Armenian
Religions:  Muslim (official) 97% (Shia 60%-65%, Sunni 32%-37%), Christian or other 3%
note: while there has been voluntary relocation of many Christian families to northern Iraq, recent reporting indicates that the overall Christian population may have dropped by as much as 50 percent since the fall of the Saddam HUSSEIN regime in 2003, with many fleeing to Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon
Population:  31,129,225 (July 2011 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 39


Ethnic groups:  Egyptian 99.6%, other 0.4% (2006 census)
Languages: Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes
Religions:  Muslim (mostly Sunni) 90%, Coptic 9%, other Christian 1%
Population:  83,688,164 (July 2011 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 15


Ethnic groups:  Celtic and Latin with Teutonic, Slavic, North African, Indochinese, Basque minorities
overseas departments: black, white, mulatto, East Indian, Chinese, Amerindian
Languages:  French (official) 100%, rapidly declining regional dialects and languages (Provencal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Flemish) Overseas departments: French, Creole patois, Mahorian (a Swahili dialect)
Religions:  Roman Catholic 83%-88%, Protestant 2%, Jewish 1%, Muslim 5%-10%, unaffiliated 4%
overseas departments: Roman Catholic, Protestant, Hindu, Muslim, Buddhist, pagan
Population:  65,630,692 (July 2012 est.)


Ethnic groups:  Norwegian 94.4% (includes Sami, about 60,000), other European 3.6%, other 2% (2007 estimate)
Languages:  Bokmal Norwegian (official), Nynorsk Norwegian (official), small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities
note: Sami is official in six municipalities.
Religions:  Church of Norway (Evangelical Lutheran - official) 85.7%, Pentecostal 1%, Roman Catholic 1%, other Christian 2.4%, Muslim 1.8%, other 8.1% (2004)
Population:  4,707,270 (July 2011 est.)


Ethnic groups:  Finn 93.4%, Swede 5.6%, Russian 0.5%, Estonian 0.3%, Roma (Gypsy) 0.1%, Sami 0.1% (2006)
Languages:  Finnish (official) 91.2%, Swedish (official) 5.5%, other (small Sami- and Russian-speaking minorities) 3.3% (2007)
Religions:  Lutheran Church of Finland 82.5%, Orthodox Church 1.1%, other Christian 1.1%, other 0.1%, none 15.1% (2006)
Population:  5,262,930 (July 2011 est.)


Ethnic groups:  indigenous population: Swedes with Finnish and Sami minorities; foreign-born or first-generation immigrants: Finns, Yugoslavs, Danes, Norwegians, Greeks, Turks
Languages:  Swedish (official), small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities
Religions:  Lutheran 87%, other (includes Roman Catholic, Orthodox, Baptist, Muslim, Jewish, and Buddhist) 13%
Population:  9,103,788 (July 2011 est.)


Ethnic groups:  Kikuyu 22%, Luhya 14%, Luo 13%, Kalenjin 12%, Kamba 11%, Kisii 6%, Meru 6%, other African 15%, non-African (Asian, European, and Arab) 1%
Languages:  English (official), Kiswahili (official), numerous indigenous languages
Religions:  Protestant 45%, Roman Catholic 33%, Muslim 10%, indigenous beliefs 10%, other 2%
note: a large majority of Kenyans are Christian, but estimates for the percentage of the population that adheres to Islam or indigenous beliefs vary widely.
Population:  43,013,341 (July 2012 est.)


Ethnic groups:  African 99.66% (Makhuwa, Tsonga, Lomwe, Sena, and others), Europeans 0.06%, Euro-Africans 0.2%, Indians 0.08%
Languages: Emakhuwa 25.3%, Portuguese (official) 10.7%, Xichangana 10.3%, Cisena 7.5%, Elomwe 7%, Echuwabo 5.1%, other Mozambican languages 30.1%, other 4% (1997 census)
Religions:  Catholic 28.4%, Protestant 27.7% (Zionist Christian 15.5%, Evangelical Pentecostal 10.9%, Anglican 1.3%), Muslim 17.9%, other 7.2%, none 18.7% (1997 census)
Population:  23,515,934 (July 2012 est.)

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka summary.


Ethnic groups: Composite of Mediterranean and Nordic types
Languages:  Castilian Spanish (official) 74%, Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, and Basque 2%
note: Catalan is official in Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, and the Valencian Community (where it is known as Valencian); in the northwest corner of Catalonia (Vall d'Aran), Aranese is official along with Catalan; Galician is official in Galicia; Basque is official in the Basque Country
Religions:  Roman Catholic 94%, other 6%
Population: 47,042,984 (July 2012 est.)


Ethnic groups:  Arab 95%, Armenian 4%, other 1%
note: many Christian Lebanese do not identify themselves as Arab but rather as descendents of the ancient Canaanites and prefer to be called Phoenicians
Languages:  Arabic (official), French, English, Armenian
Religions:  Muslim 59.7% (Shia, Sunni, Druze, Isma'ilite, Alawite or Nusayri), Christian 39% (Maronite Catholic, Greek Orthodox, Melkite Catholic, Armenian Orthodox, Syrian Catholic, Armenian Catholic, Syrian Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Chaldean, Assyrian, Coptic, Protestant), other 1.3%
note: 17 religious sects recognized
Population: 4,131,583 (July 2013 est.)


Ethnic groups:  Armenian 97.9%, Yezidi (Kurd) 1.3%, Russian 0.5%, other 0.3% (2001 census)
Languages:  Armenian (official) 97.7%, Yezidi 1%, Russian 0.9%, other 0.4% (2001 census)
Religions:  Armenian Apostolic 94.7%, other Christian 4%, Yezidi (monotheist with elements of nature worship) 1.3%
Population:  2,974,184 (July 2013 est.)


Ethnic groups:  white 53.7%, mulatto (mixed white and black) 38.5%, black 6.2%, other (includes Japanese, Arab, Amerindian) 0.9%, unspecified 0.7% (2000 census)
Languages:  Portuguese (official and most widely spoken language)
note: less common languages include Spanish (border areas and schools), German, Italian, Japanese, English, and a large number of minor Amerindian languages
Religions: Roman Catholic (nominal) 73.6%, Protestant 15.4%, Spiritualist 1.3%, Bantu/voodoo 0.3%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.2%, none 7.4% (2000 census)


Ethnic groups:  Romanian 89.5%, Hungarian 6.6%, Roma 2.5%, Ukrainian 0.3%, German 0.3%, Russian 0.2%, Turkish 0.2%, other 0.4% (2002 census)
Languages:  Romanian (official) 91%, Hungarian 6.7%, Romany (Gypsy) 1.1%, other 1.2%
Religions:  Eastern Orthodox (including all sub-denominations) 86.8%, Protestant (various denominations including Reformate and Pentecostal) 7.5%, Roman Catholic 4.7%, other (mostly Muslim) and unspecified 0.9%, none 0.1% (2002 census)
Population:  21,790,479 (July 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 56


Ethnic Groups: Japanese 98.5%, Koreans 0.5%, Chinese 0.4%, other 0.6%
note: up to 230,000 Brazilians of Japanese origin migrated to Japan in the 1990s to work in industries; some have returned to Brazil (2004)
Religions: Shintoism 83.9%, Buddhism 71.4%, Christianity 2%, other 7.8%
note: total adherents exceeds 100% because many people belong to both Shintoism and Buddhism (2005)


Ethnic groups: Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Arab, German, African, indigenous people
Languages: Spanish (official), numerous indigenous dialects
Religions: nominally Roman Catholic 96%, Protestant 2%, other 2%


Ethnic groups: Albanian 95%, Greek 3%, other 2% (Vlach, Roma (Gypsy), Serb, Macedonian, Bulgarian) (1989 est.) note: in 1989, other estimates of the Greek population ranged from 1% (official Albanian statistics) to 12% (from a Greek organization)
Languages: Albanian (official - derived from Tosk dialect), Greek, Vlach, Romani, Slavic dialects
Religions:  Muslim 70%, Albanian Orthodox 20%, Roman Catholic 10%
note: percentages are estimates; there are no available current statistics on religious affiliation; all mosques and churches were closed in 1967 and religious observances prohibited; in November 1990, Albania began allowing private religious practice
Population: 3,011,405 (July 2013 est.)

South Korea

Ethnic groups: homogeneous (except for about 20,000 Chinese)

Languages:  Korean, English (widely taught in junior high and high school)
Religions:  Christian 31.6% (Protestant 24%, Roman Catholic 7.6%), Buddhist 24.2%, other or unknown 0.9%, none 43.3% (2010 survey)
Population:  48,955,203 (July 2013 est.)

North Korea

Ethnic groups:  racially homogeneous; there is a small Chinese community and a few ethnic Japanese
Languages: Korean
Religions: traditionally Buddhist and Confucianist, some Christian and syncretic Chondogyo (Religion of the Heavenly Way) note: autonomous religious activities now almost nonexistent; government-sponsored religious groups exist to provide illusion of religious freedom.
Population:  24,720,407 (July 2013 est.)


Ethnic groups:  black 93%, white 3.2%, mixed 2.6%, East Indian 1%, other 0.2% (2000 census)

Languages: English
Religions:  Protestant 63.4% (Anglican 28.3%, Pentecostal 18.7%, Methodist 5.1%, other 11.3%), Roman Catholic 4.2%, other Christian 7%, other 4.8%, none or unspecified 20.6% (2008 est.)
Population:  288,725 (July 2013 est.)


Ethnic groups:  mestizo 58%, white 20%, mulatto 14%, black 4%, mixed black-Amerindian 3%, Amerindian 1%
Languages:  Spanish (official)
Religions:  Roman Catholic 90%, other 10%


Main Religions:  Christian 82.8% (Roman Catholic 61.4%, Protestant 21.4%), Muslim 2.5%, Adventist 2.3%, other 6.5%, unknown 5.9% (2008 census)


Myanmar summary.


Slovakia summary.

Czech Republic

Czech Republic summary.


Algeria summary.


Morocco summary.


Tunisia summary.

Syrian Arab Republic

Syrian Arab Republic summary.


Kuwait summary.

United Arab Emirates

United Arab Emirates summary.


Taiwan summary.


Jordan summary.


Tanzania summary.


Nothing is more compelling than a personal story.  Of all the messages you've heard, the most memorable have a story connected with them, with imagery you cannot forget.

The mission of Ethnoradio is simple: to give people of every nation the opportunity to hear stories of transformed lives in their own language. Utilizing the international recording capabilities of HCJB Global, we gather stories of life-change, and make them available via the simple interactive map you see above.

As the site is developed, you'll see more and more nations represented. If you have a passion for a particular country or people group we would love to hear from you and give you the opportunity to get involved.  

NEW!  Click "Listen Live" to see our schedule of programs currently being offered.  As we record more content, we will make it available


What can you do?

1. Sponsor a country or language.  We need churches and individuals to sponsor countries and language groups within each country.  This provides the funding we need to gather, produce and stream testimonies and keep each page current with news stories. Download our Sponsorship Guidelines for more information on how to get involved.

2. Record your testimony.  You can come to our studios in Cambridge, ON., we can come to you, or you can record your own.  Please use our Testimony Guidelines to prepare your story and then email it to us along with a simple picture of yourself.  You can useVocaroo to record your testimony using your computer with a built-in microphone!

3. Spread the word and let others know what we are doing!  

We are passionate about giving people the opportunity to hear stories of life-change in their own language from real people, just like you, who have experienced God's love and grace.  Will you help us make this happen?

For the glory of God's Kingdom,



Brian Mullins

Brian Mullins

Director of Media, HCJB Global Canada



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